Skip to main content

Maria Crespo Cuadrado

Bioprinting skin for evaluation of active ingredients for the cosmetic industry.



Project supervisors

Project description

In the past, we have widely used animals to assess the biological effects of pharmaceutical and skincare products. But recently, Europe has banned animal use for cosmetic evaluation. This has created an urgent need for the development of novel testing models.

I will create a fully-functional human skin model. I will validate the model and ensure that is it suitable for industrial applications. Bioprinting is able to reproduce native biological structures. Compared to traditional techniques, bioprinting reproduction is rapid and precise. It also allows scale-up. New bio-inks based on natural skin components and a novel bioprinting system will provide the tools to produce a model that mimics the morphological, biochemical and physiological properties of skin.


  • EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT) in Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing: 2017-present
  • MRes Environmental and Biological Nanoscience: 2015-2016
  • BSc Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: 2011-2015