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CEG2707 : Map Projections and Geodetic Datums

  • Offered for Year: 2022/23
  • Module Leader(s): Dr Ciprian Spatar
  • Owning School: Engineering
  • Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
Semester 2 Credit Value: 10
ECTS Credits: 5.0


The aims of this module are to introduce students to the coordinate systems used in surveying, GIS and remote sensing, present the main geodetic datums used worldwide and in the UK and illustrate how to represent the curved surface of the Earth onto a plane using various types of projections

Outline Of Syllabus

Coordinate systems (geographic, geodetic and Cartesian)
Computations on the sphere and the ellipsoid
Principles and classification of map projections
Scale factor and Tissot’s indicatrix
Cylindrical map projections
Azimuthal map projections
Conic and other map projections
Computations within map projections
Geodetic datums and coordinate transformations
Height systems and vertical datums
Datums and coordinate systems in the British Isles

Teaching Methods

Teaching Activities
Category Activity Number Length Student Hours Comment
Structured Guided LearningLecture materials181:0018:00PiP delivery
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion32:006:00Practical write-ups
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion12:002:00PiP invigilated summative assessment
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesPractical33:009:00Computer-based practical sessions (PIP)
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study180:309:00Revision for exam
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study156:0056:00General reading and revision
Teaching Rationale And Relationship

Specialist knowledge is primarily imparted via lectures, augmented by practical sessions that help students develop the intended practical skills using appropriate software applications. Various examples and case studies are presented in lectures to illustrate theoretical concepts. Ample time is allocated to independent study, which includes background reading and the revision of lecture notes.

Should the public health situation require, all present-in-person sessions will be delivered as synchronous online sessions. If necessary, the end-of-semester summative examination will be converted to a 24-hour take home examination delivered via the Canvas learning management system.

Assessment Methods

The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners

Description Length Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Written Examination1202A70PiP invigilated unseen written exam
Other Assessment
Description Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Practical/lab report2M10Map projections
Practical/lab report2M10Map projection computations and coordinate transformations
Practical/lab report2M10Coordinate transformations using least squares
Assessment Rationale And Relationship

The three practical write-ups demonstrate the ability of students to work with different map projections in common usage and to undertake various operations with coordinates. The off campus examination assesses the knowledge of lecture materials, as well as the ability to synthesise information and to apply theoretical concepts into practice.

Reading Lists