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Module

CHY1110 : Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry

  • Offered for Year: 2020/21
  • Module Leader(s): Dr Julian Knight
  • Lecturer: Dr Celine Cano, Dr Michael Hall, Dr Cristina Navarro Reguero, Professor Akane Kawamura, Dr Michael Carroll
  • Practical Supervisor: Dr Zuleykha McMillan
  • Owning School: Natural and Environmental Sciences
  • Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
Semesters
Semester 1 Credit Value: 10
Semester 2 Credit Value: 10
ECTS Credits: 10.0

Aims

The aims of this module is to introduce students to the basic principles of organic chemistry; the basic concepts of organic reaction mechanisms, including the use of curly arrows; the structure and reactivity of the common functional groups, and the chemistry of biologically important classes of organic molecules.

Outline Of Syllabus

Throughout the module, students will be introduced to:

Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

Nomenclature and chemical representations: Drawing and naming molecules
Electronic structure: Orbitals and hybridisation, delocalization and conjugation
Reaction mechanism: Curly arrows, equilibria and reaction rates
Shapes of molecules: Stereochemistry, isomerism, conformation and cyclic compounds

Carbonyls and Carboxylic Acids

Carbonyl functional groups.
Carbonyl structure: shape and electronic configuration, relative energies and shapes
of the molecular orbitals, understanding reactions in terms of simple orbital interactions
Reactions at the carbonyl group: Nucleophilic addition; nucleophilic substitution;
nucleophilic substitution with loss of carbonyl oxygen
Formation and reactions of enols and enolates

Introduction to Functional Group Chemistry

Review of Key Concepts
Nucleophilic Substitution: SN1 and SN2
Elimination Reactions: E1 and E2
Addition to Alkenes
Reduction
Oxidation

Molecules of Life

Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins
Nucleosides and Nucleotides
DNA and RNA
Lipids and Membranes
Carbohydrates

Teaching Methods

Module leaders are revising this content in light of the Covid 19 restrictions.
Revised and approved detail information will be available by 17 August.

Assessment Methods

Module leaders are revising this content in light of the Covid 19 restrictions.
Revised and approved detail information will be available by 17 August.

Reading Lists

Timetable