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ACE3088 : Forage Utilization

  • Offered for Year: 2020/21
  • Module Leader(s): Mr Simon Parker
  • Owning School: Natural and Environmental Sciences
  • Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
Semester 2 Credit Value: 10
ECTS Credits: 5.0


To encourage students to develop detailed understanding of factors affecting the efficiency of utilisation of fresh and conserved forages by ruminant livestock through a pragmatic, applied learning milieu in which candidates are presented with scenario based issues facing the forage manager and are required to use prior learning and recent research to develop strategies for utilisation improvement

Outline Of Syllabus

•       The interaction between forage production, grazing systems and utilization.
o       Factors affecting the efficiency of grazing: forage availability, forage quality, grazing behaviour, practical grazing systems.
•       Use of supplements at grass and conserved feeds.
•       Clamp and Bale Silage; Hay. (recap & development of ACE2019)
o       Forage conservation improvement including additives
o       Mechanical and physical treatment of forages
o       Reduction of losses in field and in store
•       Factors affecting silage utilisation; uptake and animal performance intake;
•       forage DM composition & quality – forage analysis interpretation
•       Alternative forages; straw, whole-crop cereals, brassicas.
•       Maize agronomy, production and margins
•       Allocation of forage costs and forage gross margin distribution (to include grass and alternative forage)

Teaching Methods

Teaching Activities
Category Activity Number Length Student Hours Comment
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion15:005:00Presentation of the report to and assessed discussion of the content with an industry professional.
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion116:0016:00Gathering necessary information for and Preparation of written assessed report.
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion120:0020:00Revision and completion of examination
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesLecture102:0020:00Interactive teaching sessions involving students participation in discussions and some presentations
Guided Independent StudyDirected research and reading15:005:00focussed reading of scientific articles
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesFieldwork16:006:00Consultancy visit to a host farm, gather information to develop a recommendation strategy.
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study116:0016:00compliation of lecture notes and research and reading beyond the taught material
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study112:0012:00Reference to published literature and other information sources relevant to the syllabus
Teaching Rationale And Relationship

Lectures are aimed at developing knowledge outcomes 1 to 7 and skills outcome 2, these will involve formal teaching, discussion and interactive seminar sessions; each seminar will involve the development of applied skills in the resolution of problems encountered in forage management, these will require the candidates identify problem, recent associated research and identify appropriate recommendations.

The study visit will enable students to achieve skills outcome 2

Assessment Methods

The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners

Description Length Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Written Examination602A40Unseen examination. Students will answer 2 short answer questions out of 5
Other Assessment
Description Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Report2M60A recommendation report written to present to a farmer, showing opportunities for improved forage utilisation
Assessment Rationale And Relationship

The consultancy report will require the candidate has a current applied understanding of recent research developments to be able to apply that knowledge in a consultancy capacity. This synoptic assessment is designed to require candidates to demonstrate skills in analysis, synthesis and knowledge transfer presentation; having visited a host farm they will utilise their learning from this and previous stage 1 & 2 modules to produce a report that advises the host on appropriate strategies to improve forage utilisation.

Each candidate will also have an assessed discussion of strategies that were considered and dismissed and opportunity to explain the justification of the approaches that are included.

The examination questions will ensure that all outcomes are assessed.

Study abroad students may request a take-away exam paper to be returned via NESS.

Reading Lists