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LAW8135 : Law of Armed Conflict

  • Offered for Year: 2024/25
  • Module Leader(s): Dr Elliot Winter
  • Owning School: Newcastle Law School
  • Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus

Your programme is made up of credits, the total differs on programme to programme.

Semester 1 Credit Value: 20
ECTS Credits: 10.0
European Credit Transfer System


To provide students with an awareness of the historical backdrop against which LOAC developed.

To provide students with a deep understanding of the principles of LOAC at a theoretical level.

To furnish students with the tools necessary to critically assess LOAC.

To enable students to apply LOAC to practical situations.

To stimulate students’ awareness of contemporary and future challenges for the law.

To develop students’ research skills.

To encourage student-driven learning.

Outline Of Syllabus

The proposed outline of the syllabus is as follows, with the proviso that topics and emphasis may change each year dependent upon current issues, controversies and developments.

1. History of Law of Armed Conflict
2. Conflict Classification
3. Principles of Humanity and Military Necessity
4. Principle of Distinction
5. Proportionality
6. Methods of Warfare
7. Means of Warfare

Teaching Methods

Teaching Activities
Category Activity Number Length Student Hours Comment
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion601:0060:00Combination of own reading and revision of substantive module content, combined with directed readings in advance of seminars and workshops.
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesSmall group teaching82:0016:00In person classes (Flex – could be moved to synchronous online).
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesWorkshops12:002:00In person exam preparation workshop (FLEX – could be moved to synchronous online).
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesDrop-in/surgery31:003:00In person Q&A sessions placed throughout the module for all students to ask questions regarding substantive module content and assessment (FLEX - could be moved online)
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study1191:00119:00Combination of own reading and revision of substantive module content, combined with directed readings in advance of seminars and workshops.
Teaching Rationale And Relationship

The seminar-based model provides an ideal opportunity for a dynamic and thorough discussion of the matters under consideration, allowing for the examination of detailed issues and the contribution of all students in the group.

Students are required to undertake in-depth preparation, including by undertaking independent research, and to develop and present legal arguments to the group by reference to academic commentary, the law and the jurisprudence. This allows students to develop research and analytical skills, to develop substantial legal arguments, and to deepen their knowledge and understanding of the complexities and impact derived from the interaction between different legal orders on the status of individuals.

The drop-in sessions are strategically positioned to assist students.

The teaching methods have been adapted for delivery in the post-COVID environment and are based on the
presumption that in person sessions will be possible but that this shall need to be supplemented by making alternative arrangements under ‘FLEX’ in case of the possibility of more limited
possibilities for on Campus teaching.

Assessment Methods

The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners

Description Length Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Digital Examination1351A100Inspera Digital Exam. 3 out of 6 questions
Formative Assessments

Formative Assessment is an assessment which develops your skills in being assessed, allows for you to receive feedback, and prepares you for being assessed. However, it does not count to your final mark.

Description Semester When Set Comment
Written Examination1MAnswer one question
Assessment Rationale And Relationship

The formative examination provides students with an opportunity to write a response on the subject and to get feedback on this. This ensures that they are familiar with the expectations well-ahead of the summative examination.

The summative examination provides an important incentive for students to establish substantial knowledge in the subject. The examination tests the demonstration of knowledge and understanding by applying the skills that need to be developed over the whole module. The examination provides a means for testing students' ability to analyse, synthesise, deploy critical judgement and evaluate alternative arguments. It also allows candidates to demonstrate intended learning outcomes across a broad range of topics within the syllabus. The limited duration of the examination gives students an opportunity to demonstrate their prioritisation capabilities. The digital format of the examination under invigilated conditions ensures authentic authorship.

Reading Lists