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Module

BMS3010 : Genetics and Human Disease

  • Offered for Year: 2020/21
  • Module Leader(s): Professor Julie Irving
  • Lecturer: Professor Quentin Anstee, Professor John Loughlin, Professor Heather Cordell, Dr Catherine Meplan, Dr Daryl Shanley, Dr Oliver Russell, Professor Debra Bevitt, Dr Felicity May, Dr Lindi Chen, Prof. Mark Walker, Professor Derek Mann
  • Owning School: Biomedical, Nutritional and Sports Scien
  • Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
Semesters
Semester 1 Credit Value: 20
ECTS Credits: 10.0

Aims

•To consider the principle that nearly all human disease has a genetic component.

•To consider the principle that common disease do not fit into simple Mendelian patterns of inheritance but fall into the category of disease geneticists term “complex disease”.

•To consider how the genetic (heritable) component of a complex disease (CD) can be assessed and how genes responsible for CD can be identified.

•To explain how knowledge of the genetics of CD is/and will be used in: diagnosis, patient management (determining prognosis and selection of optimal therapy) and in the development of new therapies.

•To consider the evolutionary relationship between inherited variation in the genes that regulate the human immune response (especially the major histocompatibility complex) and disease risk.

•To consider the role of inherited variation in genes and drug response(pharmacogenetics).

•To explain how knowledge of disease genetics informs the debate about disease pathogenesis.

•To explain the role of mitochondrial DNA mutation and epigenetics in human disease.

•To provide an understanding of the genetic basis of common human diseases with particular examples: Autoimmune Diseases: (including: Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus; Rheumatoid Arthritis; Autoimmune liver disease & Systemic Lupus Erythematosus), Infectious Diseases: (including Hepatitis C virus, HIV-AIDS & Malaria), Cancer: Breast Cancer; and those associated with ageing.

•To consider the social and ethical issues that can arise from the genome project and from the use and misuse of genetics and genetic information.

Outline Of Syllabus

The module covers the following broad issues:

•Definition of complex diseases
•How to identify and assess the heritable component of a complex disease
•Selecting and applying different research strategies
•Linkage versus association analysis
•Immunogenetics and pharmacogenetics
•Epigenetics
•Mitochondrial genetics
•Data Interpretation
•Knowledge of key examples of complex diseases.
•Social and Ethical issues arising from the study of complex diseases.

Teaching Methods

Please note that module leaders are reviewing the module teaching and assessment methods for Semester 2 modules, in light of the Covid-19 restrictions. There may also be a few further changes to Semester 1 modules. Final information will be available by the end of August 2020 in for Semester 1 modules and the end of October 2020 for Semester 2 modules.

Teaching Activities
Category Activity Number Length Student Hours Comment
Structured Guided LearningLecture materials201:0020:00Non-synchronous online
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesSmall group teaching21:002:00Seminar x2 - PIP Seminar x 1 - Synchronous online
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study1781:00178:00Writing up lecture notes, revision and general reading
Total200:00
Jointly Taught With
Code Title
BGM3061Genetic variation in common disease
Teaching Rationale And Relationship

This is an undergraduate module based on an area of research excellence within the University. The module is mostly based on lectures with open discussion of key concepts. The learning outcomes are predominantly knowledge based with key skills in critical evaluation and written communication of that knowledge being assessed. In addition there is assessment of data interpretation which will test the students understanding of key principles on which the taught material is based and basic numeracy. The seminars provide the students with an opportunity to have a broad based discussion of some of the major issues in medical science in the presence of their peers.

Assessment Methods

Please note that module leaders are reviewing the module teaching and assessment methods for Semester 2 modules, in light of the Covid-19 restrictions. There may also be a few further changes to Semester 1 modules. Final information will be available by the end of August 2020 in for Semester 1 modules and the end of October 2020 for Semester 2 modules.

The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners

Exam Pairings
Module Code Module Title Semester Comment
BGM3061Genetic variation in common disease1N/A
Other Assessment
Description Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Written exercise1M30Paper Interpretation Exercise - 500-1000 words
Essay2A70Open Book Essay (1 essay from a choice of 3). Students will be required to complete the essay over a 5-7 day period.
Assessment Rationale And Relationship

The open book essay provides evidence of key writing skills that allow knowledge and understanding of the topics
to be demonstrated along with the ability to integrate this within the context of published material. The paper
interpretation exercise tests the understanding of research literature, discipline knowledge, data analyses,
methodologies and critical appraisal abilities.

FMS Schools offering Semester One modules available as ‘Study Abroad’ will, where required, provide an alternative assessment time for examinations that take place after the Christmas vacation. Coursework with submissions dates after the Christmas vacation will either be submitted at an earlier date or at the same time remotely.

Reading Lists

Timetable