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Module

ACE1056 : Principles of animal physiology and health

  • Offered for Year: 2020/21
  • Module Leader(s): Dr Miguel Velazquez
  • Lecturer: Dr Andrew Beard, Dr Abdul Chaudhry, Dr Jonathan Guy
  • Owning School: Natural and Environmental Sciences
  • Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
Semesters
Semester 2 Credit Value: 20
ECTS Credits: 10.0

Aims

The overall aim is to develop students’ understanding of the principles of animal physiology and health, and link between these two disciplines with particular reference to domestic animals (farm and companion animals). Broad knowledge of mammalian physiology will be provided as a foundation to understand how animal health can be disrupted through various challenges. The module will illustrate the contribution of various organ systems to the maintenance of the internal environment of the body of animals. The physiological mechanisms that allow body systems to perform their functions in mammals and the link of form with function will be examined in lectures and practicals. The module will then introduce general concepts in animal health with examples of how animals deal with injuries and infections, covering a range of environmental elements and pathogenic organisms that disrupt health. Selected examples of physical, metabolic and infectious challenges to health and their management will be provided. The ethical and welfare considerations of animal health will be also addressed during the module.

Outline Of Syllabus

ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY:
•Components, organization and main function of organ systems:
-Cardiovascular system.
-Respiratory system.
-Digestive system.
-Endocrine system.
-Muscular system.
-Skeletal system.
-Nervous system.
-Immune system.
•Homeostatic circuits.
•Feedback mechanisms.
•Mechanisms of cell membrane transport.
•Intercellular signalling.
•Membrane potential.

ANIMAL HEALTH:
•Importance of animal health including the role of domestication, climate change, and the one health concept.
•Challenges to animal health including physical (e.g. fractures), metabolic (e.g. nutritional disorders), poisonous (e.g. plant toxins) and Infectious challenges (e.g. viruses).
•Prevention of infection:
-Husbandry strategies (Biosecurity)
-Innate animal protective strategies including cellular (e.g. role of the epithelial barrier), morphological (e.g. role of skin and scales), mechanical (e.g. peristalsis), biochemical (e.g. enzymes), and behavioural strategies (e.g. rejection of toxic food).
-Vaccines (types and mode of action).
•Antibiotic use (including antibiotic resistance) and alternative therapies.
•Zoonoses and notifiable diseases.
•The role of animal health in animal welfare.

Teaching Methods

Please note that module leaders are reviewing the module teaching and assessment methods for Semester 2 modules, in light of the Covid-19 restrictions. There may also be a few further changes to Semester 1 modules. Final information will be available by the end of August 2020 in for Semester 1 modules and the end of October 2020 for Semester 2 modules.

Teaching Activities
Category Activity Number Length Student Hours Comment
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion124:0024:00Preparation of group oral presentation.
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesLecture421:0042:00Outline principles of physiology and health
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesLecture12:002:00Revision session
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion136:0036:00Revision and completion of semester 2 examination
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesPractical16:006:00Help students to understand concepts of animal physiology
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesSmall group teaching16:006:00Oral presentation on a selected animal health topic
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study142:0042:00Compilation of notes after lectures and practicals
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study142:0042:00Background reading on module topics
Total200:00
Teaching Rationale And Relationship

Lectures deliver the basic subject knowledge required by students to understand the underlying principles of animal physiology and animal health. The lectures describe the specific role of various organ systems within the body and the mechanisms involved in these functions, with a practical on farm to reinforce the information delivered in lectures (learning outcomes). This is followed by delivery of lectures addressing physical, metabolic and infectious challenges and their management (learning outcomes). Group oral presentations and background reading help students to further develop their academic and professional skills (skill outcomes) and complement knowledge imparted during lectures.

Assessment Methods

Please note that module leaders are reviewing the module teaching and assessment methods for Semester 2 modules, in light of the Covid-19 restrictions. There may also be a few further changes to Semester 1 modules. Final information will be available by the end of August 2020 in for Semester 1 modules and the end of October 2020 for Semester 2 modules.

The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners

Exams
Description Length Semester When Set Percentage Comment
PC Examination1202A80Final exam as MCQ and simple answer questions
Other Assessment
Description Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Prof skill assessmnt2M20Group oral presentation of an allocated topic related to animal health (15 min to present plus 5 mins for Q&A).
Assessment Rationale And Relationship

The MCQ examination assesses the knowledge and understanding of information delivered in lectures and practicals (learning outcomes) under time constraints. The group oral presentation allows an opportunity to assess students’ ability to convey topic-specific information (i.e. on an aspect of animal health) while working as part of a team. The students are also able to develop presentation skills for a non-specialist audience (skills outcome).

Reading Lists

Timetable