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ARC1007 : Architectural Design 1.1

  • Offered for Year: 2020/21
  • Module Leader(s): Mrs Armelle Tardiveau
  • Lecturer: Mr Daniel Mallo, Mr David McKenna, Dr Edward Wainwright, Mr James Longfield, Miss Sarah Stead
  • Owning School: Architecture, Planning & Landscape
  • Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
Semester 1 Credit Value: 20
Semester 2 Credit Value: 20
ECTS Credits: 20.0


Architectural Design 1 aims to introduce essential architectural design skills, informed by an appropriate level of cultural and technical understanding (C1), theories and histories of architecture (C2). In particular, the module aims to introduce the methodological base and the methods of investigation and preparation (C1, C7): the iterative design process – research, analysis, synthesis and evaluation enabling appropriate design decisions; and basic techniques of evaluation and communication using a range of skills – oral/ graphic/written/numerical, mainly manual but also digital. In this its special emphasis is to refine the visual (fine arts) skills gained earlier by a student to be used in architectural representation (C3).
Architectural Design 1 also aims to enable students to identify the impact architecture has on users by introducing to them brief development (C5), environmental aesthetics and architectural or urban design theories (C2, C5 , C4, C6), which inform students in design process and proposition. The architectural tradition is introduced by intensive precedent studies.
The course fosters the framing of a personal ethical basis for design decisions, with an emphasis on client/user needs and concern for the natural/built environment (C5, C6). The base for making decisions about structures is introduced along the increasing level of complexity in briefs (C8).

Outline Of Syllabus

The module includes a series of design projects that reveal the nature of architectural design as iterative, accumulative process, multivalent and complex. This overview sketches in a conceptual framework in order to explain the relevance of further teaching (C1, C3, C7). A series of projects then focus on: orthographic drawing, model making, interventions within specific contexts – urban and natural; the implications of detailed decisions about context, materials and construction; 3D manipulation of interior space and light to meet specific functional requirements; and a project demanding an appropriate design response to a site and to a set of specific activities as well as a considered response to a setting of strong visual, climatic and cultural and social character (C4, C5). The relevance of methods related to the fine arts is introduced especially via the conceptual translation techniques or means to record response to environment (C3).
A series of related analytical and design projects gradually develop basic architectural thinking, skill and knowledge. Each project is carefully focused to introduce new ways of thinking; a new skill, or limited range of skills; and to encompass a particular type of knowledge. The learning experience is cumulative – each project enables the next and the level of complexity builds towards application in a final, consolidating project.
Projects in this module form an introduction to the scope and definition of the subject. Initially, skills in graphic composition and analysis are introduced as a means of analysing and synthesising architectural order by using architectural design precedents in group work (C7.1). Projects of smaller or larger scale are designed to introduce the spatial relationships. The ability to make informed choices about scale and material of basic structural elements is linked with basic functional and ergonomic factors and to architectural theories and history (C1.2, C1.3, C2.3, C3, C5.1, C5.3, C6.1, C7.2, C8.1, C8.2). The sites span from green landscape to larger homogeneous (coherent) environments allowing implementing the theories of urban design or cityscape introduced in other modules. C4.1, C5.1, C5.3, C6.1, C6.3. The awareness of the impact of the chosen design method is discussed in peer assessments and self- assessment tasks (C1,C2, C3). The projects and workshops particularly explore design as a dialogue between qualities and quantities of different orders. Theories and approaches differ according to the specific learning outcome of each project.

Teaching Methods

Please note that module leaders are reviewing the module teaching and assessment methods for Semester 2 modules, in light of the Covid-19 restrictions. There may also be a few further changes to Semester 1 modules. Final information will be available by the end of August 2020 in for Semester 1 modules and the end of October 2020 for Semester 2 modules.

Teaching Activities
Category Activity Number Length Student Hours Comment
Structured Guided LearningLecture materials200:206:40Design lectures supporting the project briefs Non synchronous online
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion58:0040:00Amendments based on feedback and compilation of all design projects undertaken during year in a sing
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesSmall group teaching244:0096:00Design tutorials and Crit/review (Presenting work and attending other student's reviews) Synchron
Guided Independent StudySkills practice88:0064:00Practice of skills introduced and developed through an iterative process.
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesWorkshops124:0048:00kills building workshop (orthographic drawing, model making, photography, digital representation) S
Guided Independent StudyProject work147:0098:00Design project development
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesFieldwork34:0012:00Site visits / City walks On site and non- synchronous online
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study119:2019:20N/A
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesModule talk161:0016:00Studio weekly briefings Q& A Synchronous online
Teaching Rationale And Relationship

PiP Hours: Present in person provision will be delivered at the programme level, via academic mentoring on assigned ‘PiP days’. (Architecture’s programme level PiP briefing note provides further detail.)

Synchronous v Non-synchronous Hours: While there is both synchronous and non-synchronous learning and teaching activity for all modules, across the programme the structured guided learning is weighted towards non-design modules and the scheduled learning and teaching activity hours are weighted towards Architectural Design modules. The latter is a reflection of a) design studio pedagogy, which is centred on a dialogic and responsive approach to students’ own research and creative work and b) student feedback and high student attendance at weekly online Architectural Design Stage briefings (module talks) during the period of lockdown teaching in Spring 2020.’ Architectural pedagogy is reliant on a high proportion of independent learning to support the design process. The MOF hours are consistent with this approach.

Assessment Methods

Please note that module leaders are reviewing the module teaching and assessment methods for Semester 2 modules, in light of the Covid-19 restrictions. There may also be a few further changes to Semester 1 modules. Final information will be available by the end of August 2020 in for Semester 1 modules and the end of October 2020 for Semester 2 modules.

The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners

Other Assessment
Description Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Portfolio2A90Portfolio Review
Design/Creative proj2M10Design Diary Review
Formative Assessments
Description Semester When Set Comment
Design/Creative proj1MSemester 1 projects
Assessment Rationale And Relationship

Projects are provisionally marked and individual performance is discussed as the year progresses. Each project is evaulated against a set of criteria outlined in the project descriptions. The assessment criteria for each project commonly require an understanding of and an ability to apply:
• a particular body of knowledge (related to the project)
• a particular range of skills and techniques (introduced in the project)
Following each project assessment, students receive a set of written comments in relation to the declared criteria, together with a mark. Further oral feedback is given by the project leader at Project Reviews/feedback meetings.
During the year students will be given assessment grades for individual projects (letter grade) indicating broad performance. The formal assessment will take place at the end of semester 2 where the years design work will be assessed holistically as a portfolio and given a final mark (%). This allows students to amend and develop work from earlier projects before the final portfolio assessment at the end of semester 2.
Failure to submit the full portfolio will be considered as non-submission of the entire module. It is your duty to look after any documents, originals and models.
The final mark is provisional and subject to approval within the external examination process.

Reading Lists