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Module

CHY3108 : Advanced Organic Chemistry

  • Offered for Year: 2020/21
  • Module Leader(s): Dr Michael Hall
  • Lecturer: Dr Cristina Navarro Reguero, Dr David Fulton, Dr Hanno Kossen, Dr Michael Carroll, Dr Johan Eriksson
  • Practical Supervisor: Dr Zuleykha McMillan
  • Owning School: Natural and Environmental Sciences
  • Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
Semesters
Semester 1 Credit Value: 20
Semester 2 Credit Value: 10
ECTS Credits: 15.0

Aims

To equip students with the necessary knowledge and understanding for them to study organic chemistry at Stage 4; to further enhance the students’ knowledge of the chemistry of aldehydes, ketones, esters, amides and related species; to allow students to design syntheses of compounds containing carbonyl groups; to illustrate the rich and diverse chemistry of the carbonyl group and to show how this can be logically predicted; to introduce the concept of retrosynthetic analysis; to show how the chemistry of the carbonyl unit can be used in total syntheses. To show the importance of carbonyl reactions in enzyme chemistry. To highlight the use of organo-element compounds in the synthesis and reactions of carbonyl compounds.

Outline Of Syllabus

Synthesis of Carbonoyls
Dr DA Fulton

Oxidation of alcohols; chromium (Jones, PCC, PDC), ruthenium (TPAP), Swern, hypervalent iodine and MnO2.
Selective Reductions
Oxidative cleavage of C=C; ozonolysis
Addition of hydrides and carbanions; reaction with carboxylic acids, esters, imines and Weinreb amides
Dithianes (unpolung), Benzoin condensation and MPV reaction

P-block and organometallic chemistry
Dr MJ Hall

General mechanisms for nucleophilic attack on C=O and C=N
Nucelophilic attack of organometallics; synthesis of organometallics and selectivity
Conjugate additions; hard vs soft nucleophiles and the control of 1,2- versus 1,4-addition to alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds
P-Block Chemistry Si, S, P, B

Heteroaromatic Chemistry
Dr MA Carroll

Aromatic systems containing heteroatoms; introduction and overview
Membered heteroatromatics containing one heteroatom; pyrroles, furans and thiophenes
Membered heteroaromatics containing one heteroatom; pyridines
Fused heteroaromatics; indoles and quinolines
Heteroaromatics containing more than one heteroatom

Synthesis
Dr MJ Hall

Classical synthesis and synthetic strategy
Retrosynthetic analysis
Protecting group chemistry
Syntheses of specific molecules drawn from the classical and recent literature and covering molecules of theoretical interest, natural products and pharmaceuticals


Organic Chemistry Laboratory Course
Dr Z McMillan
     
Each student pair does the experiments from the following list:
An investigation into the Stereoselectivity of Wittig Reactions
Synthesis of a Queen Honeybee Pheromone
Discovering Selectivity in the Diels-Alder Reaction

Teaching Methods

Module leaders are revising this content in light of the Covid 19 restrictions.
Revised and approved detail information will be available by 17 August.

Assessment Methods

Module leaders are revising this content in light of the Covid 19 restrictions.
Revised and approved detail information will be available by 17 August.

Reading Lists

Timetable