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Module

CHY3305 : Advanced Inorganic Chemistry (Distance Learning)

  • Offered for Year: 2022/23
  • Module Leader(s): Professor Andrew Houlton
  • Lecturer: Dr Keith Izod, Dr Simon Doherty, Dr Marina Freitag
  • Owning School: Natural and Environmental Sciences
  • Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
Semesters
Semester 1 Credit Value: 10
Semester 2 Credit Value: 10
ECTS Credits: 10.0

Aims

To introduce the fundamental principles and reactions of organometallic chemistry; to introduce concepts of homogeneous catalysis; to demonstrate the diverse chemistry of the s- and p-elements; to introduce inorganic aspects of biological systems and metals in biomedicine; to introduce aspects of energy material chemistry from fundamental to device applications

Outline Of Syllabus

The module will be presented in four courses – Organometallic Chemistry; Bio-inorganic Chemistry; Contemporary Main Group Chemistry; Energy Materials Chemistry

Organometallic Chemistry

Topics selected from the following:

Background and introduction
The 18-Electron rule
Important ligand types; carbonyl (bonding and binary carbonyls)
Pi-ligands, hydrides, phosphines
The synthesis of organometallic compounds
Organometallic reaction mechanisms 1. Reaction at the metal: ligand substitution, oxidative addition and reductive elimination
Organometallic reaction mechanisms 2: Reactions involving the ligand: migratory insertion, reductive elimination and nucleophilic additions and abstractions
Transition metal carbene complexes: synthesis, structure and reactivity
Homogeneous catalysis: an introduction



Comparative Main Group Chemistry

Topics selected from the following:

General principles. Complexes of the s-elements: macrocycles and the macrocyclic effect, alkalides and electrides
Organometallics of the electropositive metals: an introduction to electron-deficient compounds
More electron-deficient compounds: boranes and carboranes, Zintl ions
Low oxidation states of the p-block elements (groups 13 and 14)
E=E bonds (groups 14 and 15); synthesis and reactions. Phosphorus (V) ylides and related compounds
E=E’ bonds – stability, synthesis and reactions



Bioinorganic Chemistry

An introduction to bioinorganic chemistry; the essential metals, metal ion overload-deficiency and treatments.
An introduction to metalloproteins. Protein structure, metal ion binding groups, protein function and role of metal ions.

Further topics selected from the following:

Metallo-proteins – details of the structure and function of Zn and Fe-containing examples
Myoglobin– protein structure and function, haem group, oxidation and spin states of the metal centre before and after oxygen coordination
Haemoglobin – protein structure and function, comparison with Mb, the cooperative nature of oxygen binding
Metal ion binding in DNA. Discovery of metal-containing anti-tumour drugs. mode of action, side effects. Metal-based drugs



Energy materials chemistry

Understand fundamental charge transport and reaction processes
Understand the basic materials physical/chemical principles behind the origins of semiconductor properties
Understand fundamental concepts required to understand metal-metal bonds and explore the particular features of structure and charge transfer in such systems. To be able to predict the structures and functionality of metal coordination compounds
Understand fundamental charge transport and reaction processes in inorganic materials
Know the chemical approaches used for inorganic and hybrid semiconductor materials, with a particular focus on energy materials. To identify the chemical principles used in the design and synthesis of a selection of technologically important main group compounds.
Assess critically a recent journal article and identify how key chemical concepts have been used to undertake the piece of research.
Describe the idea of first and emerging next generation solar cell technologies and modern sustainable technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage
Know properties of materials for energy storage and conversion (crystal structure, surface structure and morphology, surface functionalisation, electrical properties, influence of defects, doping)
Know principle of energy storage in modern sustainable devices (reversible batteries/accumulators, supercapacitors)
Relate the advantages and disadvantages of current generation of alternative devices and outlook

Teaching Methods

Teaching Activities
Category Activity Number Length Student Hours Comment
Placement/Study AbroadEmployer-based learning321:0032:00Lecture - Recorded by ReCap and displayed on Canvas (DL)
Placement/Study AbroadEmployer-based learning1130:00130:00Independent Study - Review ReCap lectures, background reading and practice past exam questions (DL)
Placement/Study AbroadEmployer-based learning135:0035:00Assessment - preparation and completion revision for assessment (DL)
Placement/Study AbroadEmployer-based learning13:003:00Assessment - completion of end of semester 2 examination (DL)
Total200:00
Jointly Taught With
Code Title
CHY3310Advanced Inorganic Chemistry
CHY8841Contemporary Inorganic and Physical Chemistry
Teaching Rationale And Relationship

Lecture materials are delivered electronically and are used to impart knowledge/understanding. Student learning is supported by the provision of worksheets.

Assessment Methods

The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners

Exams
Description Length Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Written Examination1802A100Examination or Alternate written online assessment if PiP examinations don't take place
Exam Pairings
Module Code Module Title Semester Comment
CHY3310Advanced Inorganic Chemistry2Examination or alternate online assessment if PiP examinations do not take place.
CHY8841Contemporary Inorganic and Physical Chemistry2Examination or alternate online assessment if PiP examinations do not take place.
Formative Assessments
Description Semester When Set Comment
PC Examination1MOnline formative assessment
Assessment Rationale And Relationship

Students sit the examination on their return to Newcastle for one week during the Semester 2 examination period.

Reading Lists

Timetable