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Module

CHY3310 : Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

  • Offered for Year: 2022/23
  • Module Leader(s): Professor Andrew Houlton
  • Lecturer: Dr Keith Izod, Dr Marina Freitag, Dr Simon Doherty
  • Owning School: Natural and Environmental Sciences
  • Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
Semesters
Semester 1 Credit Value: 10
Semester 2 Credit Value: 10
ECTS Credits: 10.0

Aims

To introduce the fundamental principles and reactions of organometallic chemistry; to introduce concepts of homogeneous catalysis; to demonstrate the diverse chemistry of the s- and p-elements; to introduce inorganic aspects of biological systems and metals in biomedicine; to introduce aspects of energy material chemistry from fundamental to device applications.

Outline Of Syllabus

The module will be presented in four courses – Organometallic Chemistry; Bio-inorganic Chemistry; Contemporary Main Group Chemistry; Energy Materials Chemistry

Organometallic Chemistry

*Topics selected from the following
*Background and introduction
*The 18-Electron rule
*Important ligand types; carbonyl (bonding and binary carbonyls)
*Pi-ligands, hydrides, phosphines
*The synthesis of organometallic compounds
*Organometallic reaction mechanisms 1. Reaction at the metal: ligand substitution, oxidative addition and reductive elimination
*Organometallic reaction mechanisms 2: Reactions involving the ligand: migratory insertion, reductive elimination and nucleophilic additions and abstractions
*Transition metal carbene complexes: synthesis, structure and reactivity
*Homogeneous catalysis: an introduction

Comparative Main Group Chemistry

Topics selected from the following:
*General principles. Complexes of the s-elements: macrocycles and the macrocyclic effect, alkalides and electrides
*Organometallics of the electropositive metals: an introduction to electron-deficient compounds
*More electron-deficient compounds: boranes and carboranes, Zintl ions
*Low oxidation states of the p-block elements (groups 13 and 14)
*E=E bonds (groups 14 and 15); synthesis and reactions. Phosphorus (V) ylides and related compounds
*E=E’ bonds – stability, synthesis and reactions

Bioinorganic Chemistry

*An introduction to bioinorganic chemistry; the essential metals, metal ion overload-deficiency and treatments.
*An introduction to metalloproteins. Protein structure, metal ion binding groups, protein function and role of metal ions.
*Further topics selected from the following
*Myoglobin– protein structure and function, haem group, oxidation and spin states of the metal centre before and after oxygen coordination
*Haemoglobin – protein structure and function, comparison with Mb, the cooperative nature of oxygen binding in haemoglobin
*Metallo-enzymes – details of the structure and function of Zn and Fe-containing systems
*Metal ion binding in DNA. Discovery of metal-containing anti-tumour drugs. mode of action, side effects. Metal-based drugs

Energy Materials Chemistry

* the relationship between fundamental materials properties and technological applications
* the role of coordination chemistry in complex multidisciplinary technologies
* basic principles of supercapacitor electrochemistry - such as the electric double layer
* calculation of theoretical specific energies and energy densities
* challenges and goals of research in energy storage/conversion devices
* intercalation of ions into host structures
* basic theory of semiconductors, charge transfer, conductivity in coordination chemistry
* the origin of electrical conductivity in coordination complexes and polymers
* different classes of photovoltaic devices
* basic principles of an artificial leaf
* the chemical technologies involved in the realisation of the "smart phone"

Teaching Methods

Teaching Activities
Category Activity Number Length Student Hours Comment
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesLecture321:0032:00Lectures
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion421:0042:00Revision for formative and end of Semester 2 examination
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion13:003:00End of Semester examination
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study1123:00123:00Background reading, study lecture materials and practice past paper examination questions
Total200:00
Jointly Taught With
Code Title
CHY3305Advanced Inorganic Chemistry (Distance Learning)
CHY8841Contemporary Inorganic and Physical Chemistry
Teaching Rationale And Relationship

Lecture materials and revision sessions are delivered electronically and are used to impart knowledge/understanding.

Assessment Methods

The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners

Exams
Description Length Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Written Examination1802A100Examination or alternate online assessment if PiP examinations don't take place
Exam Pairings
Module Code Module Title Semester Comment
CHY3305Advanced Inorganic Chemistry (Distance Learning)2Examination or alternate online assessment if PiP examinations do not take place.
CHY8841Contemporary Inorganic and Physical Chemistry2Examination or alternate online assessment if PiP examinations do not take place.
Formative Assessments
Description Semester When Set Comment
PC Examination1AAssessment of part module examination
Assessment Rationale And Relationship

The formative exam will assess the level of knowledge and understanding from topics studied in semester 1. This will allow the module team to review and feedback on any topic which may have been problematic.

The summative written examination will assess the level of knowledge and understanding of the content of the module. The examination will present students with questions from a selection of topics learnt throughout semester 1 and 2 module content.

Reading Lists

Timetable