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ENG2018 : Design of Building Elements

  • Offered for Year: 2022/23
  • Module Leader(s): Dr Sean Wilkinson
  • Owning School: Engineering
  • Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
Semester 1 Credit Value: 10
ECTS Credits: 5.0


To provide an understanding of the properties of steel and concrete materials and their application in design and construction.
To introduce students to limit states design with special emphasis on the design of steel and concrete structural elements.
To provide students with the essential theories and concepts that enables them to design simple structural elements in both structural steel and reinforced concrete.
To introduce students to appropriate Codes of Practice (such as British Standards and Eurocodes).

Put simply, structural engineers design buildings and infrastructure for structural sufficiency. This module is the first in a series of structural design modules where students learn to do this. The module introduces students to the principles of limit states design and discusses the relevant limiting states and how these are derived. The module then describes the theory behind the structural models used to determine if a structure is structurally sound. In this module, design is limited to simple element design; however the relationship between element design and building system design is introduced. Construction issues are also discussed and some of these are demonstrated with a series of practical classes where full sized steel beams, concrete beams and steel columns are tested to destruction. Analyses of test results help to reinforce the theory. Finally students are introduced to relevant Codes of Practice for designing structures.

Outline Of Syllabus

Material science, technology, and behaviour of steel and concrete, introduction to reliability theory and the principles of limit state design, limiting states relevant for structural design of steel and concrete structures, bending of reinforced concrete beams at service loads, bending of reinforced concrete at ultimate limit state, shear in reinforced concrete beams, concrete compression members. Steel tension members, steel compression members, steel members subjected to bending.

Teaching Methods

Teaching Activities
Category Activity Number Length Student Hours Comment
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion21:303:00Computer examination.
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion28:0016:00Revision for exam
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesPractical12:302:30Pouring of concrete beams Present in person practicals.
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesPractical11:301:30Testing of concrete beams Present in person practicals
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesSmall group teaching81:008:00Present in person tutorial
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study147:0047:00Includes background reading and reading lecture notes for a full understanding of material
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesModule talk22:004:00Present in person delivery of theory
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesModule talk92:0018:00Non-synchronous online delivery of theory
Teaching Rationale And Relationship

This subject is a professional, design type subject and as such the teaching tries to simulate a work environment as closely as possible. Teaching and learning is mainly through lectures and design examples. Students are encouraged to practise example problems at home and to do further reading. Solutions to these problems are given in the lectures. Practical classes help to introduce practical aspects of structural design and analyses of test results from these practical classes help to reinforce the theory. Small group teaching activities are run to give students the opportunity to further their understanding and solve examples.

Assessment Methods

The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners

Description Length Semester When Set Percentage Comment
PC Examination901A7090 minutes computer based multiple choice in class exam
PC Examination901M3090 minutes computer based multiple choice exam (in exam period)
Assessment Rationale And Relationship

The learning outcomes from this module are absolutely essential if students are to become chartered structural engineers. As such it is important that the material is not only understood, but can be quickly applied in a variety of situations. A closed book unseen exam is the best way of assessing if the students have achieved this.

The practical work is meant to help students link the simplifying assumptions used in the design of steel and concrete elements with the real phenomena. Students are given time to do this then tested with formative feedback in practical session before being assessed via PC examination based on practical results.

Reading Lists